2016 so far has seen a good amount of volatility in all the major financial markets in the world. The main cause of this volatility has been China. After having many years of high GDP growth, Chinese economy is taking a breather. How long this slowdown would last, it is something which only God can answer. In these uncertain times, risk averse investors want safety of their hard earned money and tax efficiency of their investments. Tax Free Bonds fulfil both of these requirements.
To satisfy our hunger for tax-free bonds, IRFC will join the company of NABARD from Thursday, March 10th. The issue will remain open for just 3 days to get closed on March 14. This is the shortest period of time a company has decided to keep its issue open even before it actually opens. It seems the merchant bankers are confident enough to get the required subscription numbers within a day or two, and we all know that they are right in their calculations.
Here are the salient features of IRFC Tranche II of Tax Free Bonds:
Size of the Issue – Indian Railways has been spending a huge amount on expanding its network and upgrading its existing infrastructure. IRFC is one of the sources through which Indian Railways gets its required funds for such high expenditure. IRFC has already raised Rs. 7,050 crore in the current financial year by issuing these tax-free bonds. To partly meet its funds requirements, IRFC will raise another Rs. 2,450 crore in this issue.
Rating of the Issue – CRISIL, ICRA and CARE have assigned ‘AAA’ rating to this issue and consider it to be the safest from timely payment of its debt obligations, including interest and principal investment. Moreover, these bonds are ‘Secured’ in nature and certain fixed assets of the company will be charged equivalent to the outstanding amount of the bonds.
Coupon Rates on Offer – IRFC is offering yearly interest rate of 7.29% for its 10-year option and 7.64% for the 15-year option to the retail investors investing less than or equal to Rs. 10 lakh. These rates exactly match the rates offered by NABARD in its issue which is getting launched today.
For the non-retail investors, coupon rates will be lower by 25 basis points (or 0.25%) for the 10-year option at 7.04% and 29 basis points (or 0.29%) for the 15-year option at 7.35%.
NRI/FPI/QFI Investment Allowed – This issue will try to quench the thirst of some Non-Resident Indians (NRIs), Foreign Portfolio Investors (FPIs) and Qualified Foreign Investors (QFIs) as they have been allowed to invest in this issue either on a repatriation basis or a non-repatriation basis.
Investor Categories & Allocation Ratio – As compared to the earlier issues, this issue has a higher percentage allocation of 60% for the retail investors and as compared to the NABARD issue, a slightly higher percentage allocation of 15% for the high networth investors.
As always, the investors have been classified in the following four categories and each category will have certain percentage of the issue size reserved during the allocation process:
Category I – Qualified Institutional Bidders (QIBs) – 10% of the issue is reserved i.e. Rs. 245 crore
Category II – Non-Institutional Investors (NIIs) – 15% of the issue is reserved i.e. Rs. 367.50 crore
Category III – High Net Worth Individuals including HUFs – 15% of the issue is reserved i.e. Rs. 367.50 crore
Category IV – Resident Indian Individuals including HUFs – 60% of the issue is reserved i.e. Rs. 1,470 crore
Allotment on First Come First Served Basis – Subject to the allocation ratio, allotment will be made on a first come first served (FCFS) basis in each of the investor categories, based on the date of upload of each application into the electronic system of the stock exchanges.
Listing & Allotment – IRFC has decided to get these bonds listed on both the stock exchanges i.e. on the National Stock Exchange (NSE) as well as on the Bombay Stock Exchange (BSE). The bonds will get allotted and listed within 12 working days from the closing date of the issue.
Demat Account Not Mandatory – It is not mandatory to have a demat account to apply for these bonds. Investors have the option to subscribe to these bonds in physical form also. Whether you apply for these bonds in demat or physical form, the interest payment will still get credited to your bank account through ECS.
Also, even if you get these bonds allotted in an electronic form and sometime in future you decide to close your demat account, you will have the option to get them rematerialized in physical/certificate form.
No Lock-In Period – These tax-free bonds are freely tradable and do not carry any lock-in period. The investors may sell them at the market price whenever they want after these bonds get listed on the NSE and BSE.
Interest on Application Money & Refund – Successful allottees will earn interest at the applicable coupon rates on their application money, from the date of realization of application money up to one day prior to the deemed date of allotment. Unsuccessful allottees will get interest @ 5% per annum on their refund money.
Minimum & Maximum Investment – Investors are required to put in a minimum investment of Rs. 5,000 in this issue i.e. at least 5 bonds of face value Rs. 1,000 each. There is no upper limit for the investors to invest in this issue. However, an investor investing more than Rs. 10 lakhs will be categorized as a high networth individual (HNI) and will get a lower rate of interest as applicable.
Interest Payment Date – IRFC will make its first interest payment on October 15 this year. Subsequent interest payments will also be made on October 15 every year.